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尼科尔森《微观经济理论-基本原理与扩展》(第9版)课后习题详解(第16章 劳动市场)

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thrift of excellent traditi onal a nd style lack dee p of understa ndi ng, one -si ded t hink i n now of good s ituation Xi a, economic sm ooth more fast devel opme nt, and reform made major progres s, a nd people living significantly improve , and s ocial t he care e r made new pr ogress, no ne cessary always ha rd has, no a warene ss to Chi na als o ha s many poverty area, a nd al so has many povert y population of exists, m ore living impr ove ha s, more need ke ep hard of style . Thre e is not strictly honest. Total thought units i s a water se ctor, cle an s elf-dis cipline away from himself too far, no real pr oce ssing good living of impr ove and har d, and thrift excell ent traditional of relationshi p, no effective do comply with Constituti on a nd party of regulati ons must from I do up, n o right mer cy good bitter Le, a nd wealt h of relati ons hip, no rig ht aware ness t o in comply with Constitution and party of regulations as pect s everyone ha s accountability. Four, f uture directi on a nd impr ovement meas ures 1, belief a nd faith, strengthe n party s pirit. One i s to firmly establi sh t he noble ideal s of struggl e for the i deals of communism, communist str uggle for life, ready t o sa crifice everyt hing for t he party a nd t he people. Se cond is t o conti nuously im prove the quality and standard of political, cons cienti ously study Deng Xi aopi ng the ory and "three re present s" important t hought a nd the scientific Outl ook on development, im plement t he party's basi c pr ogram for the pr imary stage of s ociali sm, adhere to t he corre ct politi cal orientation, maintai n hig hly consistent w ith the CPC Ce ntral Committee, is good at t heorie s of socialism wit h Chine se characteri stics t o ana lyze and s olve pr oblem s. Third, strengt heni ng the party s pirit and the w orld tra nsformation, per severance of the party Constitution, relive Party vows t o establish corre ct worl d Outlook, Outlook on life and the worl d, pra ctically em bodies i deals and be liefs into action, combi ne l ofty ideals a nd practi cal activitie s, transformi ng the obj ective w orld, actively participate i n the great pra ctice of buil ding s ocialism with Chi nese chara cteristics. 2, kee p the purpose i n concept, cha nging the styl e of work. First, kee p in mi nd that the pur pose of servi ng, a dhere to a ssumi ng power for the people, kee p in mind the people and care a bout pe ople, a nd t he joys a nd sorrows of the masse s, ... According to city dis cipli ne, and municipal organi zation Departme nt requireme nts, today we hel d "implement impl ementation independent Commissi on against corr upti on gui deli nes effective strengt heni ng led cadres style construction" topi c democratic life, main task i s cl ose conta ct thought, and work a ctual , control che ck distri ct Standi ng Com mittee team and the personal in im plementation independent Commissi on agai nst corr upti on guideli nes Shang exists of probl em, in-de pth carrie d out critici sm and self-criti cal, further clear re ctification dire ction and mea sures , effective enhanced cl ean politi cs of cons cious ness a nd i nitiative, firm set good of ruli ng image. Before t he meeting, t he way we take survey s soli cited a vie ws, combe d, related to team buil ding

尼科尔森《微观经济理论-基本原理与扩展》 (第 9 版) 第 6 篇 要素市场定价 第 16 章 劳动市场 课后习题详解 跨考网独家整理最全经济学考研真题, 经济学考研课后习题解析资料库, 您可以在这里 查阅历年经济学考研真题,经济学考研课后习题,经济学考研参考书等内容,更有跨考考研 历年辅导的经济学学哥学姐的经济学考研经验, 从前辈中获得的经验对初学者来说是宝贵的 财富,这或许能帮你少走弯路,躲开一些陷阱。 以下内容为跨考网独家整理, 如您还需更多考研资料, 可选择经济学一对一在线咨询进 行咨询。 1.假定一年中有 8000 小时(实际上有 8760 小时) ,某人的潜在市场工资为 5 美元/小 时。 (1)此人的最高临界收入是多少?如果他(或她)选择将 75%的收入用于休闲,则他 将工作多少小时? (2)假定此人的一个富有的叔叔去世了,留给了他(或她)一笔每年 4000 美元的收 入。如果他(或她)继续将其最高临界收入的 75%用于休闲,则他将工作多少小时? (3) 如果市场工资从 5 美元/小时提高至 10 美元/小时, 则你对 (2) 的答案有何变化? (4)画出(2)和(3)所揭示的个人劳动供给曲线。 解: (1)此人全部收入为: 8000? 5 ? 40000 (美元/年) ; 其中,用于休闲的支出为: 0.75? 40000 ? 30000 (美元/年) ; 因而此人每年用于闲暇的时间为: 30000 / 5 ? 6000 (小时) ; 用于工作的时间为: 8000 ? 6000 ? 2000 (小时) 。 (2)在此人得到遗产后,他的全收入为: 40000 ? 4000 ? 44000 (美元/年) ; 其中,用于休闲的支出为: 0.75? 44000 ? 33000 (美元/年) ; 因而此人每年用于闲暇的时间为: 33000 / 5 ? 6600 (小时) ; 用于工作的时间为: 8000 ? 6600 ? 1400 (小时) 。 (3)如果市场工资提高后,他的全收入为: 8000?10 ? 4000 ? 84000 (美元/年) ; 其中,用于休闲的支出为: 0.75?84000 ? 63000 (美元/年) ; 因而此人每年用于闲暇的时间为: 63000 / 10 ? 6300 (小时) ; 用于工作的时间为: 8000 ? 6300 ? 1700 (小时) 。 (4)此人的劳动供给曲线如图 16-3 所示,当 w 上升时,劳动供给趋近于 2000 小时。

图 16-3 个人劳动供给曲线

proje ct work, cadres , cadre s sele ction and ot her as pects of a total of 19, furt her defined t he dire ction of rectificati on, enhancing the perti nence and effectivene ss of democrati c life. 力 能 践 实 及 识 知 的 法 方 和 术 技 科 育 教 论 理 管 代 现 备 具 展 发 面 全 体 智 、 德 , 要 需 设 建 义 主 会 社 适 本 : ) 历 学 应 相 ( 标 目 养 培 业 专

Good for thi s meeting, we requested t he Standing Committee of the munici pal party Com mittee, munici pal Secretary General Ta ng Wenjin, t he City Commissi on for disci pli ne inspe ction Standi ng Committee Ya ng Xu, Jiang Jixue, D eputy Direct or of the personnel office, a nd other lea ding comrade s prese nt gui dance all ows us to warm a ppla use for their welcome a nd tha nks!

Below, I first District Committee member of the 20XX team annua l democratic meeti ng implementati on of the corrective meas ures, a s well as mem ber of the team a nd of my own report gui delines for the im plementation of the indepe nde nt Commission against corr upti on stateme nt invited lea ders a nd comrade s criticis m. First, annual party on t he 20 XX team, M ember of democratic life acti on pl an impl ementation year 20 XX, distri ct

democrati c meeting a mem ber of the team on "study and practi ce t he s cientific Outl ook on devel opment" theme, find a pr oject supporting strong e nough, t he industry well e nough, urba n constructi on ma nagement leve l nee ds t o be im proved, liveli hood impr ovement needs to be strengt hened, district team itse lf, such as t he five as pects . Year of 20 XX, w e find out t he probl ems menti one d above, based on act ual Shunqing construction and devel opme nt, conscie ntiously s um up improveme nts, a chievi ng sig nificant devel opment re sults and effectivenes s of their work. (A) highlight the pr oject handle, mai ntain high gr owth of investment. A dhere to t he strategy as a Foundati on, carrying out proje cts to promote in creased stamina im portant. One is t o increase t he inte nsity of proje cts towards. Actively s eek nati onal and provi nci al policy support, superi or special tra nsfer pay ments, a variety of a dditi onal i ncome will t op 7 00 million Yuan, a num ber of key infrastruct ure proj ects, l ivelihood proje cts, i ndustrial proje cts int o the cage. Second, i ncreasi ng the pr oject attra cts. T his year a total of 23 sig ned a major proj ect, of whi ch 14 billion proje ct, China Metall urgical group, vanke gr oup, G uang dong he ngda gr oup, Taiwan Ruentex group, on the RI group, S henzhe n Kaisa, jife ng agricult ural machi ner y, Mer cede s-Be nz, A udi 4S store and ot her large e nterpri ses a nd proj ects have s ettled i n Shunqing. Third, strengt hen proj ect construction. Annua l impleme ntation focus pr oje ct 39 a , fixed as sets inve stment total w ill bre akthrough 12 billion yua n, created district y ilai history high, S outh door dam, and five in shop ol d city tra nsformation, and Yi ng China industrial concentrated district construction, a nd city main r oad constructio n, a nd Nort heast steam Trade Ce nter, and modern farmers i ndustry Park, and vocational educati on city, and low rental, and als o room constr ucti on, a nd features blocks buil d, a nd farmers market transformati on, and "rural versi on" Street transformation, focus engine ering s peed up implementation, effectivene ss obviousl y. Expe cted to be achieved t his year, are a-wi de G DP 17 billion

thrift of excellent traditi onal a nd style lack dee p of understa ndi ng, one -si ded t hink i n now of good s ituation Xi a, economic sm ooth more fast devel opme nt, and reform made major progres s, a nd people living significantly improve , and s ocial t he care er made new pr ogress, no ne cessary always ha rd has, no a warene ss to Chi na als o ha s many poverty area, a nd al so has many poverty population of exists, m ore living impr ove ha s, more need ke ep hard of style . Thre e is not strictly honest. Total thought units i s a water se ctor, cle an s elf-dis cipline away from himself too far, no real pr oce ssing good living of impr ove and har d, and thrift excell ent traditional of relationshi p, no effective do comply with Constituti on a nd party of regulati ons must from I do up, no right mer cy good bitter Le, a nd wealt h of relati ons hip, no rig ht aware ness t o in comply with Constitution and party of regulations as pect s everyone ha s accountabili ty. Four, f uture directi on a nd impr ovement meas ures 1, belief a nd faith, strengthe n party s pirit. One i s to firmly establi sh t he noble ideal s of struggl e for the i deals of communism, communist str uggle for life, ready t o sa crifice everyt hing for t he party a nd t he people. Se cond is t o conti nuously im prove the quality and standard of political, cons cienti ously study Deng Xi aopi ng the or y and "three re present s" important t hought a nd the scientific Outl ook on development, im plement t he party's basi c pr ogram for the pr imary stage of s ociali sm, adhere to t he corre ct politi cal orientation, maintai n hig hly consistent w ith the CPC Ce ntral Commi ttee, is good at t heorie s of socialism wit h Chine se characteri stics t o ana lyze and s olve pr oblem s. Third, strengt heni ng the party s pirit and the w orld tra nsformation, per severance of the party Constitution, relive Party vows t o establish corre ct worl d O utlook, Outlook on life and the worl d, pra ctically em bodies i deals and be liefs into action, combi ne l ofty ideals a nd practi ca l activitie s, transformi ng the obj ective w orld, actively participate i n the great pra ctice of buil ding s ocialism with Chi nese chara cteristics. 2, kee p the purpose i n concept, cha nging the styl e of work. First, kee p in mi nd that the pur pose of servi ng, a dhere to a ssumi ng power for the people, kee p in mind the people and care a bout pe ople, a nd t he joys a nd sorrows of the masse s, ... According to city dis cipli ne, and municipal organi zation Departme nt requireme nts, today we hel d "implement impl ementation independent Commissi on against corr upti on gui deli nes effective strengt heni ng led cadres style construction" topi c democratic life, main task i s cl ose conta ct thought, and work a ctual , control che ck distri ct Standi ng Committee team and the personal in im plementation independent Commissi on agai nst corr upti on guideli nes Shang exists of probl em, in-de pth carrie d out critici sm and self-criti cal, further clear re ctification dire ction and mea sures , effective enhanced cl ean politi cs of cons cious ness a nd i nitiati ve, firm set good of ruli ng image. Before t he meeting, t he way we take survey s soli cited a vie ws, combe d, related to team buil ding

2.假定某人对消费和闲暇的效用函数采取柯布-道格拉斯形式: U ? c, h ? ? c? h1?? 。支 出最小化问题为:
min c ? w ? 24 ? h ? s.t. U ? c, h ? ? c? h1?? ? U

(1)利用此方法来得出支出函数。 (2)利用包络定理来得出消费和闲暇的补偿需求函数。 (3)求补偿劳动供给函数。证明:
?l c ?0。 ?w

(4)将(3)中得到的补偿劳动供给曲线与例 16.1( n ? 0 )中的未补偿的劳动供给函 数进行比较。利用斯勒茨基方程来证明为什么实际工资变化的收入效应和替代效应在未补 偿的科布-道格拉斯劳动供给函数中恰好抵消。 解: (1)设拉格朗日函数为:
L ? c ? wh ? 24w ? ? ?U ? c? h1?? ?

一阶条件为:
?L ? 1 ? ?? c? ?1h1?? ? 0 ?c ?L ? w ? ? ?1 ? ? ? c? h?? ? 0 ?h ?L ? U ? c? h1?? ? 0 ??

① ② ③

由①、②两式可得:
1 ?h ? w ?1 ? ? ? c

从而可以解得: c ?

? wh 1??


? ) ?1 ? ? ?

将④式代入③式可得: h ? Uk ?? w?? (其中, k ? 由④、⑤两式可得: c ? Uk 1?? w1?? 由⑤、⑥两式可得支出函数为:

⑤ ⑥

?? 1?? 1?? E ? c ? wh ? 24w ? Uw1?? ? ?k ? k ? ? ? 24w ? Uw K ? 24w



其中, K ? k ?? ? k 1?? 。 (2)由包络定理可得:
hc ? ?E ? ?1 ? ? ?Uw?? K ? 24 ?w

由④可得:
cc ? Kwhc ? ?1 ? ? ?Uw1?? K 2 ? 24Kw

(3)由(2)可得:
l c ? 24 ? hc ? 48 ? ?1 ? ? ?Uw?? K

proje ct work, cadres , cadre s sele ction and ot her as pects of a total of 19, furt her defined t he dire ction of rectificati on, enhancing the perti nence and effectivene ss of democrati c life. 力 能 践 实 及 识 知 的 法 方 和 术 技 科 育 教 论 理 管 代 现 备 具 展 发 面 全 体 智 、 德 , 要 需 设 建 义 主 会 社 适 本 : ) 历 学 应 相 ( 标 目 养 培 业 专

Good for thi s meeting, we requested t he Standing Committee of the munici pal part y Committee, munici pal Secretary General Ta ng Wenjin, t he City Commissi on for disci pli ne inspe ction Standi ng Committee Ya ng Xu, Jiang Jixue, D eputy Direct or of the personnel office, a nd other lea ding comrade s prese nt gui dance all ows us to warm a ppla use for their welcome a nd tha nks!

Below, I first District Committee member of the 20XX team annua l democratic meeti ng implementati on of the corrective meas ures, a s well as mem ber of the team a nd of my own report gui delines for the im plementation of the indepe nde nt Commission against corr upti on stateme nt invited lea ders a nd comrade s criticis m. First, annual party on t he 20 XX team, M e mber of democratic life acti on pl an impl ementation year 20 XX, distri ct

democrati c meeting a mem ber of the team on "study and practi ce t he s cientific Outl ook on devel opment" theme, find a pr oject supporting strong e nough, t he industry well e nough, urba n con structi on ma nagement leve l nee ds t o be im proved, liveli hood impr ovement needs to be strengt hened, district team itse lf, such as t he five as pects . Year of 20 XX, w e find out t he probl ems menti one d above, based on act ual Shunqing construction and devel opme nt, conscie ntiously s um up improveme nts, a chievi ng sig nificant devel opment re sults and effectivenes s of their work. (A) highlight t he project handle, mai ntain high gr owth of investment. A dhere to t he strategy as a Foundati on, carrying out proje cts to promote increased stamina im portant. One is t o increase t he inte nsity of proje cts towards. Actively s eek nati onal and provi nci al p olicy support, superi or special tra nsfer pay ments, a variety of a dditi onal i ncome will t op 7 00 million Yuan, a num ber of key infrastructure proj ects, l ivelihood proje cts, i ndustrial proje cts int o the cage. Second, i ncreasi ng the pr oject attra cts. T his year a total of 23 sig ned a major proj ect, of whi ch 14 billion proje ct, China Metall urgical group, vanke gr oup, G uang dong he ngda gr oup, Taiwan Ruentex group, on the RI group, S henzhe n Kaisa, jife ng agricult ural machi ner y, Mer cede s-Be nz, A udi 4S store and ot her large e nterpri ses a nd proj ects have s ettled i n Shunqing. Third, strengt hen proj ect construction. Annua l impleme ntation focus pr oje ct 39 a , fixed as sets inve stment total w ill bre akthrough 12 billion yua n, created district y ilai history high, S outh door dam, and five in shop ol d city tra nsformation, and Yi ng China industrial concentrated district construction, a nd city main r oad constr uction, a nd Nort heast steam Trade Ce nter, and modern farmers i ndustry Park, and vocational educati on city, and low rental, an d als o room constr ucti on, a nd features blocks buil d, a nd farmers market transformati on, and "rural versi on" Street transformation, f ocus engine ering s peed up implementation, effectivene ss obviousl y. Expe cted to be achieved t his year, are a-wi de G DP 17 billion

thrift of excellent traditi onal a nd style lack dee p of understa ndi ng, one -si ded t hink i n now of good s ituation Xi a, economic sm ooth more fast devel opme nt, and reform made major progres s, a nd people living significantly improve , and s ocial t he care er made new pr ogress, no ne cessary always ha rd has, no a warene ss to Chi na als o ha s many poverty area, a nd al so has many poverty population of exists, m ore living impr ove ha s, more need ke ep hard of style . Thre e is not strictly honest. Total thought units i s a water se ctor, cle an s elf-dis cipline away from himself too far, no real pr oce ssing good living of impr ove and har d, and thrift excell ent tra ditional of relationshi p, no effective do comply with Constituti on a nd party of regulati ons must from I do up, no right mer cy good bitter Le, a nd wealt h of relati ons hip, no rig ht aware ness t o in comply with Constitution and party of regulations as pect s everyone ha s accountability. Four, f uture directi on a nd impr ovement meas ures 1, belief a nd faith, strengthe n party s pirit. One i s to firmly establi sh t he noble ideal s of struggl e for the i deals of communism, communist str uggle for life, ready t o sa crifice everyt hing for t he party a nd t he people. Se cond is t o conti nuously im prove the quality and standard of political, cons cienti ousl y study Deng Xi aopi ng the ory and "three re present s" important t hought a nd the scientific Outl ook on development, im plement t he party's basi c pr ogram for the pr imary stage of s ociali sm, adhere to t he corre ct politi cal orientation, maintai n hig hly consistent w ith the CPC Ce ntral Committee, is good at t heorie s of socialism wit h Chine se characteri stics t o ana lyze and s olve pr oblem s. Third, strengt heni ng the party s pirit and the w orld tra nsformation, per severance of the party Constitution, relive Party vows t o establish corre ct worl d Outlook, Outlook on life and the worl d, pra ctically em bodies i deals and be liefs into action, combi ne l ofty ideals a nd practi cal activitie s, transformi ng the obj ective w orld, actively participate i n the great pra ctice of buil ding s ocialism with Chi nese chara cteristics. 2, kee p the purpose i n concept, cha nging the styl e of work. First, kee p in mi nd that the pur pose of servi ng, a dhere to a ssumi ng power for the people, kee p in mind the people and care a bout pe ople, a nd t he joys a nd sor rows of the masse s, ... According to city di sci pline , and municipal organi zation Department requirements , today w e hel d "implement im plementati on i nde pendent Commis sion against corr upti on guideli nes effective stre ngthe ning le d ca dres styl e constr uct ion" topic democrati c life, main task i s cl ose contact thoug ht, and w ork act ual, control check district Sta ndi ng Committee team a nd the per sonal in im plementation inde pendent Commissi on against corruption gui deli nes Shang exists of problem, i n-dept h carrie d out criti cism and self-critical , further clear re ctification dire ction and meas ures, effective e nha nce d cle an politi cs of consci ousnes s and initiative, firm set good of rul ing image. Before t he meeting, the way we take s urveys s olicite d a view s, combed, relat ed to team buildi ng

Born to win 经济学考研交流群 <<<点击加入 从而有:
?l c ? ? ?1 ? ? ?UKw?? ?1 ? 0 ?w

(4)假定 ? ? 0.5 , K ? 2 ,同时假定 l ? h ? 1 ,而不是 24。在以上假定下,补偿和未补 偿的劳动供给函数分别为:
l c ? 2 ? Uw?0.5 l ? 0.5 ? 0.5nw?1

因而有:

?l c ? 0.5Uw?1.5 ?w

⑧ ⑨

现令 n ? E ,再由⑦式可得: U ? 0.5w0.5 ? 0.5nw?0.5 当 n ? 0 时,由⑧、⑨两式可得:
?l c ? 0.25w?1 ?w

对于未补偿劳动供给函数而言,当 n ? 0 时,有:
l?
?1 ?l ? ? 0.5 ? 0.5nw?1 ?? ?0.5w?1 ? ? ?0.25w ?n

从而替代效应与收入效应相互抵消了。 3.一个人由每天的收入( y )得到的效用为:
u ? y ? ? 100 y ? ?1/ 2 ? y 2

收入的惟一来源是劳动所得,因此, y ? wl ,这里 w 是每小时的工资, l 是每天工作的 小时数。这个人知道有一个职位,一天固定工作 8 小时,每小时工资 5 美元。对于另一个 职位,每天工作时间是随机的,平均值为 8 小时,标准差为 6 小时,必须提供多高的工资 才能使这个人接受这项更“冒险”的工作? 提示:这个问题可以运用统计恒等式。
E ? x2 ? ? Var ? x ? ? E ? x ?
2

这里 E 表示“期望值” 。 解:第一个职位的效用为:
1 2 U ? y1 ? ? 100 ? 8 ? 5 ? ? ?8 ? 5? ? 3200 2
2 对于第二个职位,由于 E ? l2 ? ? 8 , Var ? l2 ? ? 36 ,所以 E ?l2 ? ? Var ?l2 ? ? E2 ?l2 ? ? 100 ,于

是:
1 2? ? EU ? y2 ? ? E ?100 y2 ? y2 ? 2 ? ? 1 2 2? ? ? E ?100 ? l2 ? w2 ? l2 w2 ? 2 ? ? 1 2 ? 100 E ? l2 ? w2 ? E ? l2 ? ? w22 2 1 2 ? 100 ? 8w2 ? ? 100w2 2
proje ct work, ca dres, cadres sele ction and other a spe cts of a total of 19, furt her defined the directi on of rectification, en hancing t he perti nence a nd effectivene ss of democrati c life. 力 能 践 实 及 识 知 的 法 方 和 术 技 科 育 教 论 理 管 代 现 备 具 展 发 面 全 体 智 、 德 , 要 需 设 建 义 主 会 社 适 本 : ) 历 学 应 相 ( 标 目 养 培 业 专 Good for this meeti ng, we re queste d the Standing Committee of the munici pal party Committee, muni cipal S ecretary General Ta ng Wenji n, the City Commis sion for dis cipli ne inspection Standing Committee Ya ng Xu, Jiang Jixue, De puty Dire ctor of the pers onnel office, a nd other lea ding comrades prese nt guida nce allow s us t o warm appla use for t heir welcome and tha nks! Below, I first District Committee member of the 20XX team annual democratic meeting impl ementation of the corrective mea sures, a s well as member of the team and of my own report gui deline s for the impleme ntation of the independent Commissi on agai nst corr upti on st ateme nt invited lea ders and comrades criticism. First, annual party on the 2 0XX team, Member of democratic life acti on pl an i mpleme ntation year 20XX, district democrati c meeting a member of the team on "study and practi ce the scie ntific Outlook on devel opment" theme , find a pr oje ct supporting strong enoug h, the i ndustry well enoug h, ur ban construction management level nee ds to be improve d, livelihood improveme nt nee ds to be strengt hene d, di strict team itself, such as the five as pects . Year of 20XX, we find out t he problems menti one d above, ba sed on a ctual S hunqing construction and devel opme nt, cons cienti ous ly sum up improveme nts, achievi ng significant devel opme nt results a nd effective ness of their work . (A) highlight the proje ct handle , maintain high growt h of investment . Adhere to the strategy as a Foundation, carryi ng out proje cts to promote i ncreas ed stamina im portant. One is to increase t he inte nsity of pr ojects t owards. Actively se ek national a nd pr ovincial policy s upport, superior s pe cial transfer payment s, a variety of additional income wil l top 70 0 million Yuan, a num ber of key infrastruct ure projects , livelihood proje cts, industri al proj ects i nto the cage. Second, increasi ng the proje ct attracts. Thi s year a total of 23 sig ned a maj or project, of which 14 billion project, Chi na Metallurgi cal group, va nke group, Guangdong heng da group, Ta iwan Rue ntex group, on the RI gro up, Shenz he n Kais a, jifeng agricultural machinery, M ercedes-Be nz, A udi 4S st ore and other large e nterpri ses and pr oject s have settle d in Shunqing. T hird, strengthe n pr oject construction. Annual implementation focus pr oject 3 9 a, fixed assets i nvestment total wi ll breakthr oug h 12 billion yuan, created district yil ai history high, S out h door dam, and five in shop old city transformation, and Ying Chi na industrial conce ntrated distri ct construction, and city mai n road construction, and Nort heast steam Trade Ce nter, a nd moder n farmers industry Park, and vocational education cit y, and low re ntal, and als o room constructi on, and feat ures bl ocks buil d, a nd farmers market transformation, a nd "rural versi on" Street transformation, focus

985/211 历年真题解析,答案,核心考点讲义,你想要的都在这→ 经济学历年考研 真题及详解
engine ering s peed up implementation, effectivene ss obviousl y. Expe cted to be achieved t his year, are a-wi de G DP 17 billion

thrift of excellent traditi onal a nd style lack dee p of understa ndi ng, one -si ded t hink i n now of good s ituation Xi a, economic sm ooth more fast devel opme nt, and reform made major progres s, a nd people living significantly improve , and s ocial t he care er made new pr ogress, no ne cessary always ha rd has, no a warene ss to Chi na als o ha s many poverty area, a nd al so has many poverty population of exists, m ore living impr ove ha s, more need ke ep hard of style . Thre e is not strictly honest. Total thought units i s a water se ctor, cle an s elf-dis cipline away from himself too far, no real pr oce ssing good living of impr ove and har d, and thrift excell ent traditional of relationshi p, no effective do comply with Constituti on a nd party of regulati ons must from I do up, no right mer cy good bitter Le, a nd wealt h of relati ons hip, no rig ht aware ness t o in comply with Constitution and party of regulations as pect s everyone ha s accountabili ty. Four, f uture directi on a nd impr ovement meas ures 1, belief a nd faith, strengthe n party s pirit. One i s to firmly establi sh t he noble ideal s of struggl e for the i deals of communism, communist str uggle for life, ready t o sa crifice everyt hing for t he party a nd t he people. Se cond is t o conti nuously im prove the quality and standard of political, cons cienti ously study Deng Xi aopi ng the or y and "three re present s" important t hought a nd the scientific Outl ook on development, im plement t he party's basi c pr ogram for the pr imary stage of s ociali sm, adhere to t he corre ct politi cal orientation, maintai n hig hly consistent w ith the CPC Ce ntral Commi ttee, is good at t heorie s of socialism wit h Chine se characteri stics t o ana lyze and s olve pr oblem s. Third, strengt heni ng the party s pirit and the w orld tra nsformation, per severance of the party Constitution, relive Party vows t o establish corre ct worl d O utlook, Outlook on life and the worl d, pra ctically em bodies i deals and be liefs into action, combi ne l ofty ideals a nd practi ca l activitie s, transformi ng the obj ective w orld, actively participate i n the great pra ctice of buil ding s ocialism with Chi nese chara cteristics. 2, kee p the purpose i n concept, cha nging the styl e of work. First, kee p in mi nd that the pur pose of servi ng, a dhere to a ssumi ng power for the people, kee p in mind the people and care a bout pe ople, a nd t he joys a nd sorrows of the masse s, ... According to city dis cipli ne, and municipal organi zation Departme nt requireme nts, today we hel d "implement impl ementation independent Commissi on against corr upti on gui deli nes effective strengt heni ng led cadres style construction" topi c democratic life, main task i s cl ose conta ct thought, and work a ctual , control che ck distri ct Standi ng Committee team and the personal in im plementation independent Commissi on agai nst corr upti on guideli nes Shang exists of probl em, in-de pth carrie d out critici sm and self-criti cal, further clear re ctification dire ction and mea sures , effective enhanced cl ean politi cs of cons cious ness a nd i nitiati ve, firm set good of ruli ng image. Before t he meeting, t he way we take survey s soli cited a vie ws, combe d, related to team buil ding

要想使此人接受更“冒险”的工作,必须有:
1 2 100 ? 8 ? w2 ? ?100 ? w2 ? 3200 2
? ? 8 时, 解得当且仅当 w2 上述不等式严格成立, 其他任何工资率都无法满足上述不等式。

因此,只有提供每小时 8 美元的工资,才能使这个人接受这项更冒险的工作。 4.一个有两个成年人的家庭试图将如下形式的效用函数最大化
u ? c, h1 , h2 ?

这里 c 是家庭消费, h1 与 h2 是每个家庭成员享受的闲暇时间。选择的约束条件为
c ? w1 ? 24 ? h1 ? ? w2 ? 24 ? h2 ? ? n

这里 w1 与 w2 是每一家庭成员的工资,而 n 是非劳动所得。 ( 1 )不作数学推导,只运用替代与收入效应的概念讨论交叉替代效应 ?h1 / ?w2 与 ?h2 / ?w1 可能的符号。 (2)假定有一个家庭成员(比如说,个人 1)可以在家里劳动,从而可按如下函数将 闲暇时间转换为消费
c1 ? f ? h1 ?

此处 f ? ? 0 , f ? ? 0 。这一额外选择方式会如何影响工作在家庭成员之间的最优分配。 解: (1)此家庭的效用最大化问题为:
max U ? c, h1 , h2 ? s.t. c ? w1h1 ? w2 h2 ? 24w1 ? 24w2 ? n

当 w2 上升时,一方面,由于 h1 相对于 h2 变得更便宜,所以 h1 的需求会上升;另一方面, w2 的上升使得消费者的实际收入减少,所以这又会引起 h1 的需求下降;最后,从预算约束 等式的右边可知, w2 的上升又会使得禀赋价值增加,也会引起 h1 的需求上升。 综合上述分析,可知 ?h1 / ?w2 的符号取决于替代效应、普通的收入效应以及禀赋收入效 应这三者的总和,如果替代效应和禀赋收入效应之和大于普通的收入效应,那么 ?h1 ?w2 的 符号为正;反之, ?h1 / ?w2 的符号为负。类似的结果对 ?h2 / ?w1 也成立。 ( 2 )如果家庭成员 1 可以选择在家里劳动,那么此家庭也可以选择在预算约束
C1 ? f ? h1 ? 和 C2 ? w2 ? 24 ? h2 ? ? n 下最大化自己的效用 U ? c1 ? c2 , h1 , h2 ? 。此家庭将比较成员 1

在家里劳动的最大效用值与在外劳动的最大效用值,并由此来决定工作方式。 如果 1 可以选择在家里劳动一段时间,又在外劳动一段时间(更实际的情况) ,那么可 以预见的是,1 将在 f ? ? h1 ? ? w1 的时间内选择在家劳动,然后剩下的时间出去工作,因为这 样 1 和 2 的休息量仍可以保持在原有水平上,而消费额却大于只在家劳动的最优消费额。 5.一个针对低收入人群的福利计划将给予每个家庭每年 6000 美元的补助。对于某家 庭拥有的 1 美元其他收入,该补助将削减 0.75 美元。 (1)如果某家庭没有其他收入,则它将获得多少福利收益?如果家长获得了 2000 美 元的其他收入,则该家庭将获得多少福利收益?4000 美元呢?

proje ct work, cadres , cadre s sele ction and ot her as pects of a total of 19, furt her defined t he dire ction of rectificati on, enhancing the perti nence and effectivene ss of democrati c life. 力 能 践 实 及 识 知 的 法 方 和 术 技 科 育 教 论 理 管 代 现 备 具 展 发 面 全 体 智 、 德 , 要 需 设 建 义 主 会 社 适 本 : ) 历 学 应 相 ( 标 目 养 培 业 专

Good for thi s meeting, we requested t he Standing Committee of the munici pal part y Committee, munici pal Secretary General Ta ng Wenjin, t he City Commissi on for disci pli ne inspe ction Standi ng Committee Ya ng Xu, Jiang Jixue, D eputy Direct or of the personnel office, a nd other lea ding comrade s prese nt gui dance all ows us to warm a ppla use for their welcome a nd tha nks!

Below, I first District Committee member of the 20XX team annua l democratic meeti ng implementati on of the corrective meas ures, a s well as mem ber of the team a nd of my own report gui delines for the im plementation of the indepe nde nt Commission against corr upti on stateme nt invited lea ders a nd comrade s criticis m. First, annual party on t he 20 XX team, M e mber of democratic life acti on pl an impl ementation year 20 XX, distri ct

democrati c meeting a mem ber of the team on "study and practi ce t he s cientific Outl ook on devel opment" theme, find a pr oject supporting strong e nough, t he industry well e nough, urba n con structi on ma nagement leve l nee ds t o be im proved, liveli hood impr ovement needs to be strengt hened, district team itse lf, such as t he five as pects . Year of 20 XX, w e find out t he probl ems menti one d above, based on act ual Shunqing construction and devel opme nt, conscie ntiously s um up improveme nts, a chievi ng sig nificant devel opment re sults and effectivenes s of their work. (A) highlight t he project handle, mai ntain high gr owth of investment. A dhere to t he strategy as a Foundati on, carrying out proje cts to promote increased stamina im portant. One is t o increase t he inte nsity of proje cts towards. Actively s eek nati onal and provi nci al p olicy support, superi or special tra nsfer pay ments, a variety of a dditi onal i ncome will t op 7 00 million Yuan, a num ber of key infrastructure proj ects, l ivelihood proje cts, i ndustrial proje cts int o the cage. Second, i ncreasi ng the pr oject attra cts. T his year a total of 23 sig ned a major proj ect, of whi ch 14 billion proje ct, China Metall urgical group, vanke gr oup, G uang dong he ngda gr oup, Taiwan Ruentex group, on the RI group, S henzhe n Kaisa, jife ng agricult ural machi ner y, Mer cede s-Be nz, A udi 4S store and ot her large e nterpri ses a nd proj ects have s ettled i n Shunqing. Third, strengt hen proj ect construction. Annua l impleme ntation focus pr oje ct 39 a , fixed as sets inve stment total w ill bre akthrough 12 billion yua n, created district y ilai history high, S outh door dam, and five in shop ol d city tra nsformation, and Yi ng China industrial concentrated district construction, a nd city main r oad constr uction, a nd Nort heast steam Trade Ce nter, and modern farmers i ndustry Park, and vocational educati on city, and low rental, an d als o room constr ucti on, a nd features blocks buil d, a nd farmers market transformati on, and "rural versi on" Street transformation, f ocus engine ering s peed up implementation, effectivene ss obviousl y. Expe cted to be achieved t his year, are a-wi de G DP 17 billion

thrift of excellent traditi onal a nd style lack dee p of understa ndi ng, one -si ded t hink i n now of good s ituation Xi a, economic sm ooth more fast devel opme nt, and reform made major progres s, a nd people living significantly improve , and s ocial t he care er made new pr ogress, no ne cessary always ha rd has, no a warene ss to Chi na als o ha s many poverty area, a nd al so has many poverty population of exists, m ore living impr ove ha s, more need ke ep hard of style . Thre e is not strictly honest. Total thought units i s a water se ctor, cle an s elf-dis cipline away from himself too far, no real pr oce ssing good living of impr ove and har d, and thrift excell ent tra ditional of relationshi p, no effective do comply with Constituti on a nd party of regulati ons must from I do up, no right mer cy good bitter Le, a nd wealt h of relati ons hip, no rig ht aware ness t o in comply with Constitution and party of regulations as pect s everyone ha s accountability. Four, f uture directi on a nd impr ovement meas ures 1, belief a nd faith, strengthe n party s pirit. One i s to firmly establi sh t he noble ideal s of struggl e for the i deals of communism, communist str uggle for life, ready t o sa crifice everyt hing for t he party a nd t he people. Se cond is t o conti nuously im prove the quality and standard of political, cons cienti ousl y study Deng Xi aopi ng the ory and "three re present s" important t hought a nd the scientific Outl ook on development, im plement t he party's basi c pr ogram for the pr imary stage of s ociali sm, adhere to t he corre ct politi cal orientation, maintai n hig hly consistent w ith the CPC Ce ntral Committee, is good at t heorie s of socialism wit h Chine se characteri stics t o ana lyze and s olve pr oblem s. Third, strengt heni ng the party s pirit and the w orld tra nsformation, per severance of the party Constitution, relive Party vows t o establish corre ct worl d Outlook, Outlook on life and the worl d, pra ctically em bodies i deals and be liefs into action, combi ne l ofty ideals a nd practi cal activitie s, transformi ng the obj ective w orld, actively participate i n the great pra ctice of buil ding s ocialism with Chi nese chara cteristics. 2, kee p the purpose i n concept, cha nging the styl e of work. First, kee p in mi nd that the pur pose of servi ng, a dhere to a ssumi ng power for the people, kee p in mind the people and care a bout pe ople, a nd t he joys a nd sor rows of the masse s, ... According to city di sci pline , and municipal organi zation Department requirements , today w e hel d "implement im plementati on i nde pendent Commis sion against corr upti on guideli nes effective stre ngthe ning le d ca dres styl e constr uct ion" topic democrati c life, main task i s cl ose contact thoug ht, and w ork act ual, control check district Sta ndi ng Committee team a nd the per sonal in im plementation inde pendent Commissi on against corruption gui deli nes Shang exists of problem, i n-dept h carrie d out criti cism and self-critical , further clear re ctification dire ction and meas ures, effective e nha nce d cle an politi cs of consci ousnes s and initiative, firm set good of rul ing image. Before t he meeting, the way we take s urveys s olicite d a view s, combed, relat ed to team buildi ng

Born to win 经济学考研交流群 <<<点击加入 (2)在什么收入水平,福利补助将为零? (3)假定某家长能每小时赚得 4 美元,并且该家庭没有其他收入。如果该家庭不参加 福利项目,则其每年的预算约束是什么?也就是说,消费与闲暇时间如何相关? (4)如果该家庭选择参加福利计划,则其预算约束是什么?(记住,福利补助是正的) (5)图示(3)和(4)中的结论。 (6)假定政府改变福利项目的规则,允许家庭保留其所赚收入的 50%,则(4)和(5) 的答案将如何变化? (7)利用你在(6)中的结论,你能否预测在(6)中所描述的新的福利规则下,家长 将会工作更多还是更少? 解: (1)低收入家庭可以获得的补助为: G ? 6000 ? 0.75I 。 如果 I ? 0 ,则补助为: G ? 6000 ; 如果 I ? 2000 ,则补助为: G ? 4500 ; 如果 I ? 4000 ,则补助为: G ? 3000 。 (2)当 G ? 0 时,有: 6000 ? 0.75I ? 0 ,因而 I ? 8000 。 (3) 假定每年的可工作的时间为 8000 小时, 因而全部收入为:4?8000 ? 32000 (美元) , 此时家庭面临的预算约束为: c ? 4h ? 32000 。 (4)当家庭加入福利项目时,它的全部收入为:
32000 ? G ? 32000 ? 6000 ? 0.75 ? 4 ?8000 ? h ? ? 38000 ? 24000 ? 3h ? c ? 4h

家庭此时的预算约束为:
? ?c ? h ? 14000 ? ? ?c ? 4h ? 32000

? h ? 6000, I ? 8000 ? ? h ? 6000, I ? 8000 ?

从而可知预算约束在 6000 小时处有一个折点。 (5) (3)和(4)中的预算线如图 16-4 所示。

图 16-4 预算约束线 (6)新的预算约束为:
?c ? 2h ? 23000 ? ? ? ?c ? 4h ? 32000

? h ? 5000 ? ? h ? 6000, I ? 8000 ?

(7)收入效应和替代效应作用的方向是相反的:替代效应倾向于促使人们工作更多时 间,而收入效应倾向于促使人们工作更少时间。 6.假定劳动需求为: l ? ?50w ? 450 ;劳动供给为: l ? 100 w ,其中 l 为雇工的数量, w
proje ct work, ca dres, cadres sele ction and other a spe cts of a total of 19, furt her defined the directi on of rectification, en hancing t he perti nence a nd effectivene ss of democrati c life. 力 能 践 实 及 识 知 的 法 方 和 术 技 科 育 教 论 理 管 代 现 备 具 展 发 面 全 体 智 、 德 , 要 需 设 建 义 主 会 社 适 本 : ) 历 学 应 相 ( 标 目 养 培 业 专 Good for this meeti ng, we re queste d the Standing Committee of the munici pal party Committee, muni cipal S ecretary General Ta ng Wenji n, the City Commis sion for dis cipli ne inspection Standing Committee Ya ng Xu, Jiang Jixue, De puty Dire ctor of the pers onnel office, a nd other lea ding comrades prese nt guida nce allow s us t o warm appla use for t heir welcome and tha nks! Below, I first District Committee member of the 20XX team annual democratic meeting impl ementation of the corrective mea sures, a s well as member of the team and of my own report gui deline s for the impleme ntation of the independent Commissi on agai nst corr upti on st ateme nt invited lea ders and comrades criticism. First, annual party on the 2 0XX team, Member of democratic life acti on pl an i mpleme ntation year 20XX, district democrati c meeting a member of the team on "study and practi ce the scie ntific Outlook on devel opment" theme , find a pr oje ct supporting strong enoug h, the i ndustry well enoug h, ur ban construction management level nee ds to be improve d, livelihood improveme nt nee ds to be strengt hene d, di strict team itself, such as the five as pects . Year of 20XX, we find out t he problems menti one d above, ba sed on a ctual S hunqing construction and devel opme nt, cons cienti ous ly sum up improveme nts, achievi ng significant devel opme nt results a nd effective ness of their work . (A) highlight the proje ct handle , maintain high growt h of investment . Adhere to the strategy as a Foundation, carryi ng out proje cts to promote i ncreas ed stamina im portant. One is to increase t he inte nsity of pr ojects t owards. Actively se ek national a nd pr ovincial policy s upport, superior s pe cial transfer payment s, a variety of additional income wil l top 70 0 million Yuan, a num ber of key infrastruct ure projects , livelihood proje cts, industri al proj ects i nto the cage. Second, increasi ng the proje ct attracts. Thi s year a total of 23 sig ned a maj or project, of which 14 billion project, Chi na Metallurgi cal group, va nke group, Guangdong heng da group, Ta iwan Rue ntex group, on the RI gro up, Shenz he n Kais a, jifeng agricultural machinery, M ercedes-Be nz, A udi 4S st ore and other large e nterpri ses and pr oject s have settle d in Shunqing. T hird, strengthe n pr oject construction. Annual implementation focus pr oject 3 9 a, fixed assets i nvestment total wi ll breakthr oug h 12 billion yuan, created district yil ai history high, S out h door dam, and five in shop old city transformation, and Ying Chi na industrial conce ntrated distri ct construction, and city mai n road construction, and Nort heast steam Trade Ce nter, a nd moder n farmers industry Park, and vocational education cit y, and low re ntal, and als o room constructi on, and feat ures bl ocks buil d, a nd farmers market transformation, a nd "rural versi on" Street transformation, focus

985/211 历年真题解析,答案,核心考点讲义,你想要的都在这→ 经济学历年考研 真题及详解
engine ering s peed up implementation, effectivene ss obviousl y. Expe cted to be achieved t his year, are a-wi de G DP 17 billion

thrift of excellent traditi onal a nd style lack dee p of understa ndi ng, one -si ded t hink i n now of good s ituation Xi a, economic sm ooth more fast devel opme nt, and reform made major progres s, a nd people living significantly improve , and s ocial t he care er made new pr ogress, no ne cessary always ha rd has, no a warene ss to Chi na als o ha s many poverty area, a nd al so has many poverty population of exists, m ore living impr ove ha s, more need ke ep hard of style . Thre e is not strictly honest. Total thought units i s a water se ctor, cle an s elf-dis cipline away from himself too far, no real pr oce ssing good living of impr ove and har d, and thrift excell ent traditional of relationshi p, no effective do comply with Constituti on a nd party of regulati ons must from I do up, no right mer cy good bitter Le, a nd wealt h of relati ons hip, no rig ht aware ness t o in comply with Constitution and party of regulations as pect s everyone ha s accountabili ty. Four, f uture directi on a nd impr ovement meas ures 1, belief a nd faith, strengthe n party s pirit. One i s to firmly establi sh t he noble ideal s of struggl e for the i deals of communism, communist str uggle for life, ready t o sa crifice everyt hing for t he party a nd t he people. Se cond is t o conti nuously im prove the quality and standard of political, cons cienti ously study Deng Xi aopi ng the or y and "three re present s" important t hought a nd the scientific Outl ook on development, im plement t he party's basi c pr ogram for the pr imary stage of s ociali sm, adhere to t he corre ct politi cal orientation, maintai n hig hly consistent w ith the CPC Ce ntral Commi ttee, is good at t heorie s of socialism wit h Chine se characteri stics t o ana lyze and s olve pr oblem s. Third, strengt heni ng the party s pirit and the w orld tra nsformation, per severance of the party Constitution, relive Party vows t o establish corre ct worl d O utlook, Outlook on life and the worl d, pra ctically em bodies i deals and be liefs into action, combi ne l ofty ideals a nd practi ca l activitie s, transformi ng the obj ective w orld, actively participate i n the great pra ctice of buil ding s ocialism with Chi nese chara cteristics. 2, kee p the purpose i n concept, cha nging the styl e of work. First, kee p in mi nd that the pur pose of servi ng, a dhere to a ssumi ng power for the people, kee p in mind the people and care a bout pe ople, a nd t he joys a nd sorrows of the masse s, ... According to city dis cipli ne, and municipal organi zation Departme nt requireme nts, today we hel d "implement impl ementation independent Commissi on against corr upti on gui deli nes effective strengt heni ng led cadres style construction" topi c democratic life, main task i s cl ose conta ct thought, and work a ctual , control che ck distri ct Standi ng Committee team and the personal in im plementation independent Commissi on agai nst corr upti on guideli nes Shang exists of probl em, in-de pth carrie d out critici sm and self-criti cal, further clear re ctification dire ction and mea sures , effective enhanced cl ean politi cs of cons cious ness a nd i nitiati ve, firm set good of ruli ng image. Before t he meeting, t he way we take survey s soli cited a vie ws, combe d, related to team buil ding

为每小时的实际工资率。 (1)此市场中 w 和 l 的均衡水平是什么? (2)假定政府希望通过向雇主提供补贴(对其雇佣的每个工人)从而将均衡工资提高 至 4 美元/小时。该补贴数额是多少?雇工数量的新的均衡水平是多少?总的补贴数量是多 少? (3)假定政府公布最低工资为 4 美元/小时。在此价格下,劳动需求为多少?失业人 数是多少? (4)图示你的结论。 解: (1)劳动市场的均衡条件为:
?lD ? lS ? ?lD ? ?50 w ? 450 ?l ? 100 w ?S

从而可以解得劳动市场均衡工资率和劳动数量为: w ? 3 , l ? 300 。 (2)假设政府对雇主的补贴为每个工人补贴 s ,则此时劳动的需求为:
lD ? ?50 ? w ? s ? ? 450

当均衡工资升为 4 美元/小时,劳动市场均衡条件为:
lD ? ?50 ? w ? s ? ? 450 ? lS ? 100w ? 400

因而可以解得补贴为 s ? 3 ,雇佣工人数量为 400,总补贴额为 1200。 (3)在最低工资为 4 美元/小时的情况下,劳动需求为: lD ? ?50 ? 4 ? 450 ? 250 ;劳动 供给为: lS ? 100w ? 400 ,因而失业为: 400 ? 250 ? 150 。 (4)以上结论如图 16-5 所示。

图 16-5 最低工资与劳动市场均衡 7.卡尔在一个孤岛上拥有一个大服装厂,对大多数岛上居民来说,卡尔的工厂是惟一 的就业途径,因此卡尔的行为如同买方独家垄断者。制衣工人的供给方程是 L ? 80w
L 是劳动数量, w 是每小时的工资率,假定卡尔的劳动需求(边际收益)曲线方程是
L ? 400 ? 40MRPL

(1)为使利润最大化,卡尔会雇佣多少工人,付多少工资?

proje ct work, cadres , cadre s sele ction and ot her as pects of a total of 19, furt her defined t he dire ction of rectificati on, enhancing the perti nence and effectivene ss of democrati c life. 力 能 践 实 及 识 知 的 法 方 和 术 技 科 育 教 论 理 管 代 现 备 具 展 发 面 全 体 智 、 德 , 要 需 设 建 义 主 会 社 适 本 : ) 历 学 应 相 ( 标 目 养 培 业 专

Good for thi s meeting, we requested t he Standing Committee of the munici pal part y Committee, munici pal Secretary General Ta ng Wenjin, t he City Commissi on for disci pli ne inspe ction Standi ng Committee Ya ng Xu, Jiang Jixue, D eputy Direct or of the personnel office, a nd other lea ding comrade s prese nt gui dance all ows us to warm a ppla use for their welcome a nd tha nks!

Below, I first District Committee member of the 20XX team annua l democratic meeti ng implementati on of the corrective meas ures, a s well as mem ber of the team a nd of my own report gui delines for the im plementation of the indepe nde nt Commission against corr upti on stateme nt invited lea ders a nd comrade s criticis m. First, annual party on t he 20 XX team, M e mber of democratic life acti on pl an impl ementation year 20 XX, distri ct

democrati c meeting a mem ber of the team on "study and practi ce t he s cientific Outl ook on devel opment" theme, find a pr oject supporting strong e nough, t he industry well e nough, urba n con structi on ma nagement leve l nee ds t o be im proved, liveli hood impr ovement needs to be strengt hened, district team itse lf, such as t he five as pects . Year of 20 XX, w e find out t he probl ems menti one d above, based on act ual Shunqing construction and devel opme nt, conscie ntiously s um up improveme nts, a chievi ng sig nificant devel opment re sults and effectivenes s of their work. (A) highlight t he project handle, mai ntain high gr owth of investment. A dhere to t he strategy as a Foundati on, carrying out proje cts to promote increased stamina im portant. One is t o increase t he inte nsity of proje cts towards. Actively s eek nati onal and provi nci al p olicy support, superi or special tra nsfer pay ments, a variety of a dditi onal i ncome will t op 7 00 million Yuan, a num ber of key infrastructure proj ects, l ivelihood proje cts, i ndustrial proje cts int o the cage. Second, i ncreasi ng the pr oject attra cts. T his year a total of 23 sig ned a major proj ect, of whi ch 14 billion proje ct, China Metall urgical group, vanke gr oup, G uang dong he ngda gr oup, Taiwan Ruentex group, on the RI group, S henzhe n Kaisa, jife ng agricult ural machi ner y, Mer cede s-Be nz, A udi 4S store and ot her large e nterpri ses a nd proj ects have s ettled i n Shunqing. Third, strengt hen proj ect construction. Annua l impleme ntation focus pr oje ct 39 a , fixed as sets inve stment total w ill bre akthrough 12 billion yua n, created district y ilai history high, S outh door dam, and five in shop ol d city tra nsformation, and Yi ng China industrial concentrated district construction, a nd city main r oad constr uction, a nd Nort heast steam Trade Ce nter, and modern farmers i ndustry Park, and vocational educati on city, and low rental, an d als o room constr ucti on, a nd features blocks buil d, a nd farmers market transformati on, and "rural versi on" Street transformation, f ocus engine ering s peed up implementation, effectivene ss obviousl y. Expe cted to be achieved t his year, are a-wi de G DP 17 billion

thrift of excellent traditi onal a nd style lack dee p of understa ndi ng, one -si ded t hink i n now of good s ituation Xi a, economic sm ooth more fast devel opme nt, and reform made major progres s, a nd people living significantly improve , and s ocial t he care er made new pr ogress, no ne cessary always ha rd has, no a warene ss to Chi na als o ha s many poverty area, a nd al so has many poverty population of exists, m ore living impr ove ha s, more need ke ep hard of style . Thre e is not strictly honest. Total thought units i s a water se ctor, cle an s elf-dis cipline away from himself too far, no real pr oce ssing good living of impr ove and har d, and thrift excell ent tra ditional of relationshi p, no effective do comply with Constituti on a nd party of regulati ons must from I do up, no right mer cy good bitter Le, a nd wealt h of relati ons hip, no rig ht aware ness t o in comply with Constitution and party of regulations as pect s everyone ha s accountability. Four, f uture directi on a nd impr ovement meas ures 1, belief a nd faith, strengthe n party s pirit. One i s to firmly establi sh t he noble ideal s of struggl e for the i deals of communism, communist str uggle for life, ready t o sa crifice everyt hing for t he party a nd t he people. Se cond is t o conti nuously im prove the quality and standard of political, cons cienti ousl y study Deng Xi aopi ng the ory and "three re present s" important t hought a nd the scientific Outl ook on development, im plement t he party's basi c pr ogram for the pr imary stage of s ociali sm, adhere to t he corre ct politi cal orientation, maintai n hig hly consistent w ith the CPC Ce ntral Committee, is good at t heorie s of socialism wit h Chine se characteri stics t o ana lyze and s olve pr oblem s. Third, strengt heni ng the party s pirit and the w orld tra nsformation, per severance of the party Constitution, relive Party vows t o establish corre ct worl d Outlook, Outlook on life and the worl d, pra ctically em bodies i deals and be liefs into action, combi ne l ofty ideals a nd practi cal activitie s, transformi ng the obj ective w orld, actively participate i n the great pra ctice of buil ding s ocialism with Chi nese chara cteristics. 2, kee p the purpose i n concept, cha nging the styl e of work. First, kee p in mi nd that the pur pose of servi ng, a dhere to a ssumi ng power for the people, kee p in mind the people and care a bout pe ople, a nd t he joys a nd sor rows of the masse s, ... According to city di sci pline , and municipal organi zation Department requirements , today w e hel d "implement im plementati on i nde pendent Commis sion against corr upti on guideli nes effective stre ngthe ning le d ca dres styl e constr uct ion" topic democrati c life, main task i s cl ose contact thoug ht, and w ork act ual, control check district Sta ndi ng Committee team a nd the per sonal in im plementation inde pendent Commissi on against corruption gui deli nes Shang exists of problem, i n-dept h carrie d out criti cism and self-critical , further clear re ctification dire ction and meas ures, effective e nha nce d cle an politi cs of consci ousnes s and initiative, firm set good of rul ing image. Before t he meeting, the way we take s urveys s olicite d a view s, combed, relat ed to team buildi ng

Born to win 经济学考研交流群 <<<点击加入 (2) 假如政府实行最低工资制, 当最低工资定在每小时 4 美元时, 卡尔会雇多少工人, 又有多少人会失业? (3)图示你的结果。 (4)在买方独家垄断的情况下实行最低工资制与在完全竞争的情况下实行最低工资制 (假设最低工资高于市场决定的工资额) ,结果有什么不同? 解: (1)从供给曲线得到雇佣劳动的总成本为 wL ?
MCL ? L / 40 ,令 MRPL ? MCL ,得到 L ? 200 ,从而 w ?

L2 ,进而得到劳动的边际成本为 80

L ? 2.5 ,即卡尔会雇佣 200 名工人, 80

工资率为 2.5。 (2)假如政府实行最低工资制。使得最低工资为每小时 4 美元,那么对于给定的工资, 厂商会使得雇佣的劳动力数量为 MRPL ? w ? 4 ,从而 LD ? 400 ? 40MRPL ? 240 ,但是在这个 工资率下,劳动力的供给为 LS ? 80w ? 320 ,因此失业人数为 320 ? 240 ? 80 。 (3)如图 16-6 所示,其中 WM 、 WG 、 WC 分别是垄断、政府管制和竞争条件下的劳动 力工资。

图 16-6 最低工资引起的失业 ( 4 )对于完全竞争的劳动力市场,供需平衡时就有 80w ? 400 ? 40w 。解得 w ?
LD ? 10 , 3

800 。 就本题而言, 在买方独家垄断的情况下实行最低工资制与在完全竞争的情况下实 3

行最低工资制的区别在于: 在买方独家垄断的情况下实行最低工资制提高了就业量, 但引起 了失业;在完全竞争的情况下实行最低工资制降低就业量,并且也会引起失业。 8.艾杰克斯煤炭公司在其所处的地区是劳动的惟一雇主。它可以雇佣其所需的任何数 量的女性工人或男性工人。
2 对女性工人的需求曲线为:l f ? 100wf , 对男性工人的需求曲线为:lm ? 9wm 。 其中 w f 和

wm 分别是支付给女性工人和男性工人的每小时工资率。假定艾杰克斯公司在一完全竞争的

市场上以每吨 5 美元的价格销售其开采的煤,同时每位工人(男性和女性工人)每小时都 能开采 2 吨煤。如果该公司希望最大化利润,则它应该雇佣多少男性员工和女性员工?这 两个人群的工资率是多少?艾杰克斯公司每小时从采掘机上所获得的利润是多少?该结果 如何与艾杰克斯公司在因所有工人的边际产品价值相等从而应该支付相同的工资这个约束 下的结果进行比较?
proje ct work, ca dres, cadres sele ction and other a spe cts of a total of 19, furt her defined the directi on of rectification, en hancing t he perti nence a nd effectivene ss of democrati c life. 力 能 践 实 及 识 知 的 法 方 和 术 技 科 育 教 论 理 管 代 现 备 具 展 发 面 全 体 智 、 德 , 要 需 设 建 义 主 会 社 适 本 : ) 历 学 应 相 ( 标 目 养 培 业 专 Good for this meeti ng, we re queste d the Standing Committee of the munici pal party Committee, muni cipal S ecretary General Ta ng Wenji n, the City Commis sion for dis cipli ne inspection Standing Committee Ya ng Xu, Jiang Jixue, De puty Dire ctor of the pers onnel office, a nd other lea ding comrades prese nt guida nce allow s us t o warm appla use for t heir welcome and tha nks! Below, I first District Committee member of the 20XX team annual democratic meeting impl ementation of the corrective mea sures, a s well as member of the team and of my own report gui deline s for the impleme ntation of the independent Commissi on agai nst corr upti on st ateme nt invited lea ders and comrades criticism. First, annual party on the 2 0XX team, Member of democratic life acti on pl an i mpleme ntation year 20XX, district democrati c meeting a member of the team on "study and practi ce the scie ntific Outlook on devel opment" theme , find a pr oje ct supporting strong enoug h, the i ndustry well enoug h, ur ban construction management level nee ds to be improve d, livelihood improveme nt nee ds to be strengt hene d, di strict team itself, such as the five as pects . Year of 20XX, we find out t he problems menti one d above, ba sed on a ctual S hunqing construction and devel opme nt, cons cienti ous ly sum up improveme nts, achievi ng significant devel opme nt results a nd effective ness of their work . (A) highlight the proje ct handle , maintain high growt h of investment . Adhere to the strategy as a Foundation, carryi ng out proje cts to promote i ncreas ed stamina im portant. One is to increase t he inte nsity of pr ojects t owards. Actively se ek national a nd pr ovincial policy s upport, superior s pe cial transfer payment s, a variety of additional income wil l top 70 0 million Yuan, a num ber of key infrastruct ure projects , livelihood proje cts, industri al proj ects i nto the cage. Second, increasi ng the proje ct attracts. Thi s year a total of 23 sig ned a maj or project, of which 14 billion project, Chi na Metallurgi cal group, va nke group, Guangdong heng da group, Ta iwan Rue ntex group, on the RI gro up, Shenz he n Kais a, jifeng agricultural machinery, M ercedes-Be nz, A udi 4S st ore and other large e nterpri ses and pr oject s have settle d in Shunqing. T hird, strengthe n pr oject construction. Annual implementation focus pr oject 3 9 a, fixed assets i nvestment total wi ll breakthr oug h 12 billion yuan, created district yil ai history high, S out h door dam, and five in shop old city transformation, and Ying Chi na industrial conce ntrated distri ct construction, and city mai n road construction, and Nort heast steam Trade Ce nter, a nd moder n farmers industry Park, and vocational education cit y, and low re ntal, and als o room constructi on, and feat ures bl ocks buil d, a nd farmers market transformation, a nd "rural versi on" Street transformation, focus

985/211 历年真题解析,答案,核心考点讲义,你想要的都在这→ 经济学历年考研 真题及详解
engine ering s peed up implementation, effectivene ss obviousl y. Expe cted to be achieved t his year, are a-wi de G DP 17 billion

thrift of excellent traditi onal a nd style lack dee p of understa ndi ng, one -si ded t hink i n now of good s ituation Xi a, economic sm ooth more fast devel opme nt, and reform made major progres s, a nd people living significantly improve , and s ocial t he care er made new pr ogress, no ne cessary always ha rd has, no a warene ss to Chi na als o ha s many poverty area, a nd al so has many poverty population of exists, m ore living impr ove ha s, more need ke ep hard of style . Thre e is not strictly honest. Total thought units i s a water se ctor, cle an s elf-dis cipline away from himself too far, no real pr oce ssing good living of impr ove and har d, and thrift excell ent traditional of relationshi p, no effective do comply with Constituti on a nd party of regulati ons must from I do up, no right mer cy good bitter Le, a nd wealt h of relati ons hip, no rig ht aware ness t o in comply with Constitution and party of regulations as pect s everyone ha s accountabili ty. Four, f uture directi on a nd impr ovement meas ures 1, belief a nd faith, strengthe n party s pirit. One i s to firmly establi sh t he noble ideal s of struggl e for the i deals of communism, communist str uggle for life, ready t o sa crifice everyt hing for t he party a nd t he people. Se cond is t o conti nuously im prove the quality and standard of political, cons cienti ously study Deng Xi aopi ng the or y and "three re present s" important t hought a nd the scientific Outl ook on development, im plement t he party's basi c pr ogram for the pr imary stage of s ociali sm, adhere to t he corre ct politi cal orientation, maintai n hig hly consistent w ith the CPC Ce ntral Commi ttee, is good at t heorie s of socialism wit h Chine se characteri stics t o ana lyze and s olve pr oblem s. Third, strengt heni ng the party s pirit and the w orld tra nsformation, per severance of the party Constitution, relive Party vows t o establish corre ct worl d O utlook, Outlook on life and the worl d, pra ctically em bodies i deals and be liefs into action, combi ne l ofty ideals a nd practi ca l activitie s, transformi ng the obj ective w orld, actively participate i n the great pra ctice of buil ding s ocialism with Chi nese chara cteristics. 2, kee p the purpose i n concept, cha nging the styl e of work. First, kee p in mi nd that the pur pose of servi ng, a dhere to a ssumi ng power for the people, kee p in mind the people and care a bout pe ople, a nd t he joys a nd sorrows of the masse s, ... According to city dis cipli ne, and municipal organi zation Departme nt requireme nts, today we hel d "implement impl ementation independent Commissi on against corr upti on gui deli nes effective strengt heni ng led cadres style construction" topi c democratic life, main task i s cl ose conta ct thought, and work a ctual , control che ck distri ct Standi ng Committee team and the personal in im plementation independent Commissi on agai nst corr upti on guideli nes Shang exists of probl em, in-de pth carrie d out critici sm and self-criti cal, further clear re ctification dire ction and mea sures , effective enhanced cl ean politi cs of cons cious ness a nd i nitiati ve, firm set good of ruli ng image. Before t he meeting, t he way we take survey s soli cited a vie ws, combe d, related to team buil ding

lm , lm 。 2 解:由 l m ? 9w m 可得: w2 wml m ? m? 9 3
0.5 20 从而有: ME l ? l m ? MRP l ? 10 ,因而可以解得: l m ? 400 , w m ? ; 2 3

3/ 2

同理,由 l f ? 100wf 可得: wf ? 从而有: ME f ?
lf

lf 100

, wf l f ?

l2 f 100



? 10 ,因而可以解得: l f ? 500 , w f ? 5 。 50 总的工人数为: lT ? lm ? lw ? 900 ;

每小时赚得的利润为: 9000 ? 5?500 ? 6.66? 400 ? 3833; 如果男员工与女员工支付相同的工资 w ? MRPl ? 10 ,则 l ? 1000 ? 900 ? 1900 ,此时每小 时获得利润为: 1900?10 ?10?1000 ?10?900 ? 0 。 9.宇宙毛皮公司座落于巴芬岛的科莱德,它以每根 5 美元的价格在全球销售毛皮琴弓 带。该毛皮琴弓带的生产函数为: q ? 240 x ? 2 x 2 ,其中, x 为每周所使用的毛皮数量。毛皮 仅由 D 邮递贸易公司提供,而 D 邮递贸易公司通过以每天 10 美元的工资雇佣因纽特人来获 得毛皮。D 公司每周的毛皮的生产函数为: x ? l ,其中 l 为因纽特人每周用于工作的时间。 (1)考虑一个准均衡的情况,其中宇宙毛皮公司和 D 邮递贸易公司都是价格接受者, 则均衡的价格( px )是多少?毛皮的交易量是多少? (2)假定 D 公司充当垄断者,而宇宙毛皮公司仍是价格接受者。毛皮市场将会出现什 么均衡? (3)假定宇宙毛皮公司充当垄断者,而丹氏公司是价格接受者。毛皮市场的均衡是什 么? (4)图示你的结论,并讨论在宇宙毛皮公司和 D 公司之间的双边垄断竞价中可能出现 的均衡类型。 解: (1)因为 q ? 240 x ? 2 x 2 ,所以宇宙公司的总收益为: R ? 5q ? 1200 x ? 10 x 2 。 边际收益产品为:
MRP ? ?R ? 1200 ? 20x ?x

因为毛皮的生产函数为: x ? l ,所以成本为: C ? wl ? 10 x 2 ,边际要素成本为: MFC ? 20x 。 在毛皮市场均衡时,有: px ? MFC ? 20 x , MRP ? px 。 从而可以解得均衡的价格和交易量分别为: px ? 600 , x ? 30 。 (2)当 D 公司充当垄断者,而宇宙公司为价格接受者时,对于 D 公司而言,有:
Px ? MRP ? 1200 ? 20 x

因而总收益为: R ? px ? x ? 1200 x ? 20 x 2 ,边际收益产品为: MRPx ? 令 MRPx ? MFC ? 20 x ,从而可以解得: x ? 20 , px ? 800 。

dR ? 1200 ? 40 x 。 dx

(3)当宇宙公司充当垄断者,而 D 公司作为价格接受者时,毛皮的供给满足:
MFC ? 20 x ? px

从而总成本为: px x ? 20 x2 ,利润最大化要求:

proje ct work, cadres , cadre s sele ction and ot her as pects of a total of 19, furt her defined t he dire ction of rectificati on, enhancing the perti nence and effectivene ss of democrati c life. 力 能 践 实 及 识 知 的 法 方 和 术 技 科 育 教 论 理 管 代 现 备 具 展 发 面 全 体 智 、 德 , 要 需 设 建 义 主 会 社 适 本 : ) 历 学 应 相 ( 标 目 养 培 业 专

Good for thi s meeting, we requested t he Standing Committee of the munici pal part y Committee, munici pal Secretary General Ta ng Wenjin, t he City Commissi on for disci pli ne inspe ction Standi ng Committee Ya ng Xu, Jiang Jixue, D eputy Direct or of the personnel office, a nd other lea ding comrade s prese nt gui dance all ows us to warm a ppla use for their welcome a nd tha nks!

Below, I first District Committee member of the 20XX team annua l democratic meeti ng implementati on of the corrective meas ures, a s well as mem ber of the team a nd of my own report gui delines for the im plementation of the indepe nde nt Commission against corr upti on stateme nt invited lea ders a nd comrade s criticis m. First, annual party on t he 20 XX team, M e mber of democratic life acti on pl an impl ementation year 20 XX, distri ct

democrati c meeting a mem ber of the team on "study and practi ce t he s cientific Outl ook on devel opment" theme, find a pr oject supporting strong e nough, t he industry well e nough, urba n con structi on ma nagement leve l nee ds t o be im proved, liveli hood impr ovement needs to be strengt hened, district team itse lf, such as t he five as pects . Year of 20 XX, w e find out t he probl ems menti one d above, based on act ual Shunqing construction and devel opme nt, conscie ntiously s um up improveme nts, a chievi ng sig nificant devel opment re sults and effectivenes s of their work. (A) highlight t he project handle, mai ntain high gr owth of investment. A dhere to t he strategy as a Foundati on, carrying out proje cts to promote increased stamina im portant. One is t o increase t he inte nsity of proje cts towards. Actively s eek nati onal and provi nci al p olicy support, superi or special tra nsfer pay ments, a variety of a dditi onal i ncome will t op 7 00 million Yuan, a num ber of key infrastructure proj ects, l ivelihood proje cts, i ndustrial proje cts int o the cage. Second, i ncreasi ng the pr oject attra cts. T his year a total of 23 sig ned a major proj ect, of whi ch 14 billion proje ct, China Metall urgical group, vanke gr oup, G uang dong he ngda gr oup, Taiwan Ruentex group, on the RI group, S henzhe n Kaisa, jife ng agricult ural machi ner y, Mer cede s-Be nz, A udi 4S store and ot her large e nterpri ses a nd proj ects have s ettled i n Shunqing. Third, strengt hen proj ect construction. Annua l impleme ntation focus pr oje ct 39 a , fixed as sets inve stment total w ill bre akthrough 12 billion yua n, created district y ilai history high, S outh door dam, and five in shop ol d city tra nsformation, and Yi ng China industrial concentrated district construction, a nd city main r oad constr uction, a nd Nort heast steam Trade Ce nter, and modern farmers i ndustry Park, and vocational educati on city, and low rental, an d als o room constr ucti on, a nd features blocks buil d, a nd farmers market transformati on, and "rural versi on" Street transformation, f ocus engine ering s peed up implementation, effectivene ss obviousl y. Expe cted to be achieved t his year, are a-wi de G DP 17 billion

thrift of excellent traditi onal a nd style lack dee p of understa ndi ng, one -si ded t hink i n now of good s ituation Xi a, economic sm ooth more fast devel opme nt, and reform made major progres s, a nd people living significantly improve , and s ocial t he care er made new pr ogress, no ne cessary always ha rd has, no a warene ss to Chi na als o ha s many poverty area, a nd al so has many poverty population of exists, m ore living impr ove ha s, more need ke ep hard of style . Thre e is not strictly honest. Total thought units i s a water se ctor, cle an s elf-dis cipline away from himself too far, no real pr oce ssing good living of impr ove and har d, and thrift excell ent tra ditional of relationshi p, no effective do comply with Constituti on a nd party of regulati ons must from I do up, no right mer cy good bitter Le, a nd wealt h of relati ons hip, no rig ht aware ness t o in comply with Constitution and party of regulations as pect s everyone ha s accountability. Four, f uture directi on a nd impr ovement meas ures 1, belief a nd faith, strengthe n party s pirit. One i s to firmly establi sh t he noble ideal s of struggl e for the i deals of communism, communist str uggle for life, ready t o sa crifice everyt hing for t he party a nd t he people. Se cond is t o conti nuously im prove the quality and standard of political, cons cienti ousl y study Deng Xi aopi ng the ory and "three re present s" important t hought a nd the scientific Outl ook on development, im plement t he party's basi c pr ogram for the pr imary stage of s ociali sm, adhere to t he corre ct politi cal orientation, maintai n hig hly consistent w ith the CPC Ce ntral Committee, is good at t heorie s of socialism wit h Chine se characteri stics t o ana lyze and s olve pr oblem s. Third, strengt heni ng the party s pirit and the w orld tra nsformation, per severance of the party Constitution, relive Party vows t o establish corre ct worl d Outlook, Outlook on life and the worl d, pra ctically em bodies i deals and be liefs into action, combi ne l ofty ideals a nd practi cal activitie s, transformi ng the obj ective w orld, actively participate i n the great pra ctice of buil ding s ocialism with Chi nese chara cteristics. 2, kee p the purpose i n concept, cha nging the styl e of work. First, kee p in mi nd that the pur pose of servi ng, a dhere to a ssumi ng power for the people, kee p in mind the people and care a bout pe ople, a nd t he joys a nd sor rows of the masse s, ... According to city di sci pline , and municipal organi zation Department requirements , today w e hel d "implement im plementati on i nde pendent Commis sion against corr upti on guideli nes effective stre ngthe ning le d ca dres styl e constr uct ion" topic democrati c life, main task i s cl ose contact thoug ht, and w ork act ual, control check district Sta ndi ng Committee team a nd the per sonal in im plementation inde pendent Commissi on against corruption gui deli nes Shang exists of problem, i n-dept h carrie d out criti cism and self-critical , further clear re ctification dire ction and meas ures, effective e nha nce d cle an politi cs of consci ousnes s and initiative, firm set good of rul ing image. Before t he meeting, the way we take s urveys s olicite d a view s, combed, relat ed to team buildi ng

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MEx ? 40 x ? MRPx ? 1200 ? 20 x

从而可以解得: x ? 20 , px ? 400 。 (4)如图 16-7 所示,在双边垄断竞价中,宇宙公司和 D 公司都愿意将毛皮的产量定为 x ? 20 ,但是两者关于应该支付的价格存在着很大的分歧,最终的市场价格取决于双方讨价 还价的能力。

图 16-7 双边垄断下价格和产量的决定 10.遵循 16.5 中所述的劳动市场博弈的实质,假定厂商的总收益函数为: R ? 10l ? l 2 , 工会的效用函数仅是总工资的函数: U ? w, l ? ? wl 。 (1)在例 16.5 所述的两阶段博弈中,纳什均衡工资合同是什么? (2)证明备选工资合同 w? ? l ? ? 4 帕累托优于(1)中的工资合同。 (3)在什么条件下(2)中所述的合同可以作为一个子博弈完美均衡而存在? 解: (1)在博弈的第二阶段,雇主将选择 l 来最大化其收益,雇主的利润函数为: ? ? 10l ? l 2 ? wl 利润最大化的一阶条件为:
?? ? 10 ? 2l ? w ? 0 ,从而有: l ? 5 ? w / 2 。 ?l

再回到第一阶段,工会将选择 w 来最大化工资收入: wl ? 5w ? 0.5w2 。 由最大化一阶条件 5 ? w ? 0 ,从而可以解得: w? ? 5 , l ? ? 2.5 。 因而有: U ? ? wl ? 12.5 , ? ? ? ?l 2 ? 10l ? wl ? 6.25 。 (2)当 w? ? l ? ? 4 时, U? ? 16 , ? ? ? 8 ,这帕累托占优于(1)中的工资合同。 (3)为了考察可维持性,必须集中考察如果工会选择了 w? ? 4(此时利润最大化的 l 是 3,而不是 4)是否有激励来欺骗,即考察厂商欺骗与不欺骗的长期收益大小。 因为 ? ? l ? 3? ? 9 ,因而可维持条件为:
8 / ?1 ? ? ? ? 9 ? 6.25? / ?1 ? ? ?

即不欺骗的长期收益大于欺骗的长期收益,从而有: ? ? 1 / 2.75 ? 4 / 11 。

以上内容为跨考网整理的经济学考研课后习题答案解析的一部分, 限于篇幅原因, 如果 同学还想获得更多经济学课后习题资料,可以关注微信公众平台索要经济学考研资料,你想

proje ct work, ca dres, cadres sele ction and other a spe cts of a total of 19, furt her defined the directi on of rectification, en hancing t he perti nence a nd effectivene ss of democrati c life. 力 能 践 实 及 识 知 的 法 方 和 术 技 科 育 教 论 理 管 代 现 备 具 展 发 面 全 体 智 、 德 , 要 需 设 建 义 主 会 社 适 本 : ) 历 学 应 相 ( 标 目 养 培 业 专

Good for this meeti ng, we re queste d the Standing Committee of the munici pal party Committee, muni cipal S ecretary General Ta ng Wenji n, the City Commis sion for dis cipli ne inspection Standing Committee Ya ng Xu, Jiang Jixue, De puty Dire ctor of the pers onnel office, a nd other lea ding comrades prese nt guida nce allow s us t o warm appla use for t heir welcome and tha nks!

Below, I first District Committee member of the 20XX team annual democratic meeting impl ementation of the corrective mea sures, a s well as member of the team and of my own report gui deline s for the impleme ntation of the independent Commissi on agai nst corr upti on st ateme nt invited lea ders and comrades criticism. First, annual party on the 2 0XX team, Member of democratic life acti on pl an i mpleme ntation year 20XX, district

democrati c meeting a member of the team on "study and practi ce the scie ntific Outlook on devel opment" theme , find a pr oje ct supporting strong enoug h, the i ndustry well enoug h, ur ban construction management level nee ds to be improve d, livelihood improveme nt nee ds to be strengt hene d, di strict team itself, such as the five as pects . Year of 20XX, we find out t he problems menti one d above, ba sed on a ctual S hunqing construction and devel opme nt, cons cienti ous ly sum up improveme nts, achievi ng significant devel opme nt results a nd effective ness of their work . (A) highlight the proje ct handle , maintain high growt h of investment . Adhere to the strategy as a Foundation, carryi ng out proje cts to promote i ncreas ed stamina im portant. One is to increase t he inte nsity of pr ojects t owards. Actively se ek national a nd pr ovincial policy s upport, superior s pe cial transfer payment s, a variety of additional income wil l top 70 0 million Yuan, a num ber of key infrastruct ure projects , livelihood proje cts, industri al proj ects i nto the cage. Second, increasi ng the proje ct attracts. Thi s year a total of 23 sig ned a maj or project, of which 14 billion project, Chi na Metallurgi cal group, va nke group, Guangdong heng da group, Ta iwan Rue ntex group, on the RI gro up, Shenz he n Kais a, jifeng agricultural machinery, M ercedes-Be nz, A udi 4S st ore and other large e nterpri ses and pr oject s have settle d in Shunqing. T hird, strengthe n pr oject construction. Annual implementation focus pr oject 3 9 a, fixed assets i nvestment total wi ll breakthr oug h 12 billion yuan, created district yil ai history high, S out h door dam, and five in shop old city transformation, and Ying Chi na industrial conce ntrated distri ct construction, and city mai n road construction, and Nort heast steam Trade Ce nter, a nd moder n farmers industry Park, and vocational education cit y, and low re ntal, and als o room constructi on, and feat ures bl ocks buil d, a nd farmers market transformation, a nd "rural versi on" Street transformation, focus

985/211 历年真题解析,答案,核心考点讲义,你想要的都在这→ 经济学历年考研 真题及详解
engine ering s peed up implementation, effectivene ss obviousl y. Expe cted to be achieved t his year, are a-wi de G DP 17 billion

thrift of excellent traditi onal a nd style lack dee p of understa ndi ng, one -si ded t hink i n now of good s ituation Xi a, economic sm ooth more fast devel opme nt, and reform made major progres s, a nd people living significantly improve , and s ocial t he care er made new pr ogress, no ne cessary always ha rd has, no a warene ss to Chi na als o ha s many poverty area, a nd al so has many poverty population of exists, m ore living impr ove ha s, more need ke ep hard of style . Thre e is not strictly honest. Total thought units i s a water se ctor, cle an s elf-dis cipline away from himself too far, no real pr oce ssing good living of impr ove and har d, and thrift excell ent traditional of relationshi p, no effective do comply with Constituti on a nd party of regulati ons must from I do up, no right mer cy good bitter Le, a nd wealt h of relati ons hip, no rig ht aware ness t o in comply with Constitution and party of regulations as pect s everyone ha s accountabili ty. Four, f uture directi on a nd impr ovement meas ures 1, belief a nd faith, strengthe n party s pirit. One i s to firmly establi sh t he noble ideal s of struggl e for the i deals of communism, communist str uggle for life, ready t o sa crifice everyt hing for t he party a nd t he people. Se cond is t o conti nuously im prove the quality and standard of political, cons cienti ously study Deng Xi aopi ng the or y and "three re present s" important t hought a nd the scientific Outl ook on development, im plement t he party's basi c pr ogram for the pr imary stage of s ociali sm, adhere to t he corre ct politi cal orientation, maintai n hig hly consistent w ith the CPC Ce ntral Commi ttee, is good at t heorie s of socialism wit h Chine se characteri stics t o ana lyze and s olve pr oblem s. Third, strengt heni ng the party s pirit and the w orld tra nsformation, per severance of the party Constitution, relive Party vows t o establish corre ct worl d O utlook, Outlook on life and the worl d, pra ctically em bodies i deals and be liefs into action, combi ne l ofty ideals a nd practi ca l activitie s, transformi ng the obj ective w orld, actively participate i n the great pra ctice of buil ding s ocialism with Chi nese chara cteristics. 2, kee p the purpose i n concept, cha nging the styl e of work. First, kee p in mi nd that the pur pose of servi ng, a dhere to a ssumi ng power for the people, kee p in mind the people and care a bout pe ople, a nd t he joys a nd sorrows of the masse s, ... According to city dis cipli ne, and municipal organi zation Departme nt requireme nts, today we hel d "implement impl ementation independent Commissi on against corr upti on gui deli nes effective strengt heni ng led cadres style construction" topi c democratic life, main task i s cl ose conta ct thought, and work a ctual , control che ck distri ct Standi ng Committee team and the personal in im plementation independent Commissi on agai nst corr upti on guideli nes Shang exists of probl em, in-de pth carrie d out critici sm and self-criti cal, further clear re ctification dire ction and mea sures , effective enhanced cl ean politi cs of cons cious ness a nd i nitiati ve, firm set good of ruli ng image. Before t he meeting, t he way we take survey s soli cited a vie ws, combe d, related to team buil ding

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proje ct work, cadres , cadre s sele ction and ot her as pects of a total of 19, furt her defined t he dire ction of rectificati on, enhancing the perti nence and effectivene ss of democrati c life. 力 能 践 实 及 识 知 的 法 方 和 术 技 科 育 教 论 理 管 代 现 备 具 展 发 面 全 体 智 、 德 , 要 需 设 建 义 主 会 社 适 本 : ) 历 学 应 相 ( 标 目 养 培 业 专

Good for thi s meeting, we requested t he Standing Committee of the munici pal part y Committee, munici pal Secretary General Ta ng Wenjin, t he City Commissi on for disci pli ne inspe ction Standi ng Committee Ya ng Xu, Jiang Jixue, D eputy Direct or of the personnel office, a nd other lea ding comrade s prese nt gui dance all ows us to warm a ppla use for their welcome a nd tha nks!

Below, I first District Committee member of the 20XX team annua l democratic meeti ng implementati on of the corrective meas ures, a s well as mem ber of the team a nd of my own report gui delines for the im plementation of the indepe nde nt Commission against corr upti on stateme nt invited lea ders a nd comrade s criticis m. First, annual party on t he 20 XX team, M e mber of democratic life acti on pl an impl ementation year 20 XX, distri ct

democrati c meeting a mem ber of the team on "study and practi ce t he s cientific Outl ook on devel opment" theme, find a pr oject supporting strong e nough, t he industry well e nough, urba n con structi on ma nagement leve l nee ds t o be im proved, liveli hood impr ovement needs to be strengt hened, district team itse lf, such as t he five as pects . Year of 20 XX, w e find out t he probl ems menti one d above, based on act ual Shunqing construction and devel opme nt, conscie ntiously s um up improveme nts, a chievi ng sig nificant devel opment re sults and effectivenes s of their work. (A) highlight t he project handle, mai ntain high gr owth of investment. A dhere to t he strategy as a Foundati on, carrying out proje cts to promote increased stamina im portant. One is t o increase t he inte nsity of proje cts towards. Actively s eek nati onal and provi nci al p olicy support, superi or special tra nsfer pay ments, a variety of a dditi onal i ncome will t op 7 00 million Yuan, a num ber of key infrastructure proj ects, l ivelihood proje cts, i ndustrial proje cts int o the cage. Second, i ncreasi ng the pr oject attra cts. T his year a total of 23 sig ned a major proj ect, of whi ch 14 billion proje ct, China Metall urgical group, vanke gr oup, G uang dong he ngda gr oup, Taiwan Ruentex group, on the RI group, S henzhe n Kaisa, jife ng agricult ural machi ner y, Mer cede s-Be nz, A udi 4S store and ot her large e nterpri ses a nd proj ects have s ettled i n Shunqing. Third, strengt hen proj ect construction. Annua l impleme ntation focus pr oje ct 39 a , fixed as sets inve stment total w ill bre akthrough 12 billion yua n, created district y ilai history high, S outh door dam, and five in shop ol d city tra nsformation, and Yi ng China industrial concentrated district construction, a nd city main r oad constr uction, a nd Nort heast steam Trade Ce nter, and modern farmers i ndustry Park, and vocational educati on city, and low rental, an d als o room constr ucti on, a nd features blocks buil d, a nd farmers market transformati on, and "rural versi on" Street transformation, f ocus engine ering s peed up implementation, effectivene ss obviousl y. Expe cted to be achieved t his year, are a-wi de G DP 17 billion



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