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外研版七年级英语课件全集module4_Unit 3

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We’ve got lots of apples. We haven’t got any meat. She hasn’t got any coffee. Have we got any chocolate? Yes, we have. Let’s get some chicken. We haven’t got any oranges.

milk tea cola

coffee water

— Have we got any meat in the fridge?
— Yes, we have. — Have we got any…? —Yes, we have. / No,
we haven’t.

Now write about the food in the fridge.
We’ve got some meat. We haven’t got any fish. 1. W__e__h_a_v_e_g_o_t_s_o_m__e_ vegetables. 2. W__e__h_a_v_e_n_’t__g_o_t _a_n_y_ orange. 3. W__e__h_a_v_e_n_’t_g_o_t__a_n_y_ apples.

4. _W_e__h_a_v_e_g_o_t_s_o_m__e__ eggs. 5. _W_e__h_a_v_e_g_o_t_s_o_m__e__ bananas. 6. _W_e__h_a_v_e_g_o_t_s_o_m__e__ orange juice. 7. _W__e_h_a_v_e_n_’_t_g_o_t_a_n_y_ milk.

Look at the picture and talk about it.
apple hamburger orange potato tomato apples hamburgers oranges potatoes tomatoes
fish meat rice milk juice chicken water

He has got some a(n)… He hasn’t got any… She has got some a(n)… She hasn’t got any… The have got some a(n)… They haven’t got any…

A) 构成方法及读音规则

1) 一般情况加 –s:map-maps boy-

boys girl-girls pen-pens bag-bags car-

cars

清辅音后读

浊辅音和元音后读

2) 以s, sh, ch, x等结尾加 –es,如:

bus-buses watch-watches box-

boxes brush-brushes

3) 以辅音字母+y结尾, 变 y 为 I 再加 es, 如: baby---babies city-cities countrycountries 但以y结尾的专有名词,或元音字母+y 结 尾的名词变复数时,直接加s变复数。例 如:
monkey---monkeys holiday---holidays

4) 以o结尾的名词,变复数时: a. 加s, 如: photo— photos piano— pianos radio—radios zoo—zoos; b. 加es, 如: potato— potatoes tomato— tomatoes

5)以 f 或 fe 结尾的名词变复数时:改 f, fe 加 -ves,如:half—halves knife— knives leaf—leaves wolf—wolves wife—wives life—lives
B)名词复数的不规则变化 1) child—children, foot—feet, tooth—
teeth, mouse—mice, man—-men, woman—women

注意: 由一个词加 man 或 woman构成的合 成词, 其复数形式也是 -men 和-women, 如 an Englishman, two Englishmen。但 German不是合成词, 故复数形式为 Germans;Bowman是姓,其复数是the Bowmans。

2) 单复同形, 如deer, sheep, fish, Chinese,
Japanese, li, jin, yuan, two li, three mu, four jin 等。但除人民币的元、角、分外, 美元、英镑、法郎等都有复数形式。如: a dollar, two dollars; a meter, two meters。 3) 集体名词, 以单数形式出现, 但实为复数。 例如:people, police 等本身就是复数,不 能说 a people, a police, 但可以说a person,
a policeman.

4)以s结尾,仍为单数的名词,如: a. maths, politics, physics等学科名词,一般是 不可数名词,为单数。 b. news 为不可数名词。 c. the United States, the United Nations 应视为 单数。 The United Nations was organized in 1945. 联 合国是1945年组建起来的。 d. 以复数形式出现的书名,剧名,报纸,杂 志名,也可视为单数。

5) 表示由两部分构成的东西,如:glasses (眼镜)trousers, clothes等,若表达具 体数目,要借助数量词 pair(对,双); suit(套); a pair of glasses; two pairs of trousers等。

6) 另外还有一些名词,其复数形式有时可 表示特别意思,如:goods 货物,waters 水域,fishes(各种)鱼。 C) 不可数名词:不可数名词主要分物质名 词和抽象名词。

1) 物质名词是指表示无法分为个体的实物 的词, 常见的物质名词, 如:snow(雪), rain(雨), water(水), coffee(咖啡), tea(茶), meat (肉), milk(牛奶), rice(米饭), bread(面 包), orange (桔汁), beef (牛肉), chicken(鸡 肉), juice (果汁), pork(猪肉), Coke (可口可 乐), ice cream (冰激凌) 等;

2) 抽象名词是指表示动作、状态、品质、 感情等抽象概念的词,常见的抽象名词, 如:work(工作), study(学*), love(爱), friendship (友谊)等。

A.写出下列名词的复数形式 1. apple – apples 2. orange – oranges 3. potato – potatoes 4. carrot – carrots 5. banana – bananas 6. egg – eggs 7. hamburger – hamburgers 8. noodle – noodles 9. onion – onions 10. vegetable – vegetables 11. tomato – tomatoes 12. melon – melons

B. 不可数名词有: 1. water 水 2. meat 肉 3. food 食物 4. fruit 水果 5. beef 牛肉 6. chicken 鸡肉 7. juice 果汁 8. ice cream 冰激凌 9. tea 茶 10. rice 米饭 11. bread 面包 12. milk 牛奶 13. coke 可乐

14. chocolate 巧克力 15. fish 鱼肉

16. cheese 奶酪

17. sugar 糖

18. candy 糖果

19. soup 汤

C.可数名词的特殊变化:

1. child—children 孩子

2. tooth—teeth 牙齿

Complete the word map.

chicken beef

fish

tomatoes

carrots

potatoes

meat

vegetables

water

oranges
apples fruit

milk

juice

healthy food

healthy drink

bananas

favourite food

food
carrots

drink
favourite drink

beef

juice milk

Complete the sentences with the words from the box. bit delicious important remember stay 1. R__e_m_e_m__b_e_rto buy some fruit. 2. It’s _im__p_o_r_t_a_n_t to eat healthy food. 3. Eat well and _st_a_y_ healthy. 4. Orange juice is _d_e_li_c_io_u_s_. Let’s buy
some. 5. I am a _b_i_t tired.

In the West, for breakfast, people usually eat bread and eggs and drink coffee or tea, milk and fruit juice.

Module task: Making a poster about a
healthy breakfast Work in groups of four or five. Make a poster about a healthy breakfast. Make a list of questions about a healthy breakfast. Talk to students from another group about a healthy breakfast.

Make a poster about your healthy breakfast. Present your poster to the class. Choose the best poster.

A. 用 some, any填空。 1. Have you got _a_n_y_ fruit?
Yes, we have. 2. Have we got a_n__y meat?
No, we haven’t. 3. We’ve got _s_o_m_e_ oranges and s_o_m__e
apples. 4. We have got _s_o_m__e melons. 5. We haven’t got _a_n_y_ tomatoes.

B. 完成句子: 1. 我们有一些猪肉吗? 没有。
_H_a_v_e__ we _g_o_t_a_n_y__p_o_r_k__? No, _w_e__h_a_v_e_n_’_t . 2. 你们有一些土豆吗? 有。 _H__a_v_e you__g_o_t_a_n_y__p_o_t_a_to_e_s_?
Yes, _w_e__h_a_v_e. 3. 我们的冰箱里没有胡萝卜。 We _h_a_v_e_n_’t_g_o_t__a_n_y_c_a_r_r_o_t_s in the fridge.

4. 鱼和蔬菜是健康的食品,但汉堡包不 是。
Fish and vegetables _a_r_e__h_e_a_lt_h_y__fo_o_d__, _b_u_t__h_a_m_b_u__rg_e_r_s_a_r_e_n_’_t__ healthy food. 5. 吃些水果,不要吃糖果和冰激淋。 E__a_t some fruit, _n_o_t candy o_r_ ice cream.

根据短文内容及首字母提示,在空格处 填入正确的词,使短文意思完整。 My name is Tom. I’m from Am__e_r_ic_a____ I’m fourteen ye_a_r_s_ old. I’m in China with my pa_r_e_n_t_s__ now. I like China. I like Ch_i_n_e_se_ food, too. I eat rice and ve_g_e_ta_b_l_e_s__ everyday. They are he_a_lt_h_y__ food.

My favourite vegetables are carrots and to_m__a_t_o_e_s_. I like drinking tea. My father and mother also like dr_in_k__in_g__ tea, too. I don’t like Coke. Coke is un_h_e_a_l_th_y_ drink. I also eat noodles, fish and meat. I don’t like candy. Candy isn’t healthy food. I like fruit. Apples are my favourite fr_u_i_t .




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