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中国传统文化中国传统节日及其习俗_图文

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中国传统文化 -中国传统节日及其习俗
主讲: 余惠芬 副教授 暨南大学国际学院

Chinese Culture --Traditional Chinese Festivals and Customs
By Yu Huifen (Julia) International School
Jinan University

What’s The Date Today?
? May 31 in Solar Calendar ? May 5th in the Chinese Lunar Calendar ? It is Dragon Boat Festival Today.

The Dragon Boat Festival
? Also known as Duanwu Jie
? It falls on the fifth day of the fifth month in Chinese lunar calendar.

Traditional Customs Relating To The Festival
? Racing dragon boats

Traditional Customs Relating To The Festival
? Eating zongzi

Qu Yuan
Qu Yuan, the patriotic poet who drowned himself on this day in 277 BC.

Trying To Save Qu Yuan’s Body

Traditional Customs Relating To The Festival
? Holding dragon-boat races.

It Is Now An International Event

Other Important Traditional Chinese Festivals?
? Try to list as many as you can other traditional Chinese Festivals in addition to Dragon Boat Festival
? Say something about them.

Important Traditional Chinese Festivals
? The Spring Festival ? The Lantern Festival ? The Dragon Boat Festival ? The Mid-Autumn Festival ? The Double Seventh Day ? The Double Ninth Day

The Spring Festival
? Also known as the Chinese New Year
? The most important and comprehensive festival.
? It falls on the first day of the first Chinese lunar month and the celebration lasts from the 23rd of the 12th lunar month up to the fifteenth of the first lunar month next year.

Traditional Customs Relating To The Spring Festival
? Writing and Pasting couplets on doors

Traditional Customs Relating To The Spring Festival
? Creating paper-cuts for window decoration

Paper-Cut: Happy New Year

Paper-Cutting Is Now A Popular Art
? Creating paper-cuts for window decoration

Traditional Customs Relating To The Spring Festival
? Setting off firecrackers
? (The favorite activity of children, which is said to drive off evil spirits according to legend)

Traditional Customs Relating To The Spring Festival
? Children Getting money in red envelopes from their parents and relatives

Traditional Customs Relating To The Spring Festival
? The lion and dragon dancing

Traditional Customs Relating To The Spring Festival
? Eating Jiaozi ? ( first known in
China some 1,600 years ago. ? Its pronunciation in Chinese means midnight or the end and the beginning of time.

Traditional Customs Relating To The Spring Festival
? Enjoying Family Reunion Dinner on New Year’s Eve

The Lantern Festival
? The 15th day of the first lunar month
? Also known as Yuanxiao Festival ? Yuan literally means first, while xiao refers to night.
Yuanxiao is the first night when we see the full moon in the new year.
? It has developed from an ancient ceremony of
using torches to ward off evil spirits and has a history of more than 2,000 years.

Traditional Customs Relating To The Lantern Festival
? Decorating houses and streets with various delicate and beautiful lanterns

Traditional Customs Relating To The Lantern Festival
? Lantern displays everywhere

Traditional Customs Relating To The Lantern Festival
Lantern Shows

Traditional Customs Relating To The Lantern Festival
? Lantern-riddle guessing

Traditional Customs Relating To The Lantern Festival
? Eating Yuanxiao, a sweet rice ball

Mid-Autumn Festival
? The 15th day of the eighth lunar month, in the middle of autumn
? Also called “Reunion Festival”

The Origin of Mid-Autumn Festival
? A beautiful story of Hou Yi and Chang ER

Traditional Customs Relating To The Festival
? The round moon and round moon cake are both symbols of family reunion

The Poem of Libai
? Beside my bed a pool of moonlight, ? Is it hoarfrost on the ground? ? I lift my eyes and see the bright moon; ? Bowing my head, I think of my old hometown.

Traditional Customs Relating to the Festival
? Family reunion dinner on the festival evening
? Typical food: moon-cake

Double Seventh Day
? The 7th evening of the 7th lunar month ? Also called “The Seventh Eve” or “Qixij”

It’s Chinese Valentine’s Day

An Ancient Chinese Legend About It

A Love Story Between A Cowherd And A Girl Weaver

An Opera About The Story

Double Ninth Day
? A day to honor senior citizens ? “Nine” sounds similar to the word “long
time”in Chinese

Group Discussion and Presentation
? 1. Briefly talk about your impression on traditional Chinese festivals.
? 2. Talk about one of the traditional festivals in your own country.
? (Each group selects a representative to give a presentation to class)

Characteristics Of Traditional Chinese Festivals
? Each of them has: ? A long history ? A legend ? Special customs or activities ? An unique food

Traditional Chinese Festivals And Customs Abroad
? With the coming of globalization, more and more people enjoy multi-cultural life.
? With the development of China’s economy, you may feel the existence of Chinese Culture wherever you go

Teaching American Students To Make Jiaozi
? During 2019 Spring Festival

Playing Taiji With A Canadian Professor

Foreign People Celebrate Traditional Chinese Festivals
? A film clip: ? Canadian People Celebrate the Chinese
Spring Festival

Similarities and Differences Between Celebrations of Traditional Chinese and Western Festivals
Group Discussion Film Clip

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